What is a cookie?
A cookie is a text file harmless that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The usefulness of the cookie is that the web is able to remember your visit when back to navigate to that page. Although a lot of people do not know the cookies have been used since 20 years ago, when appeared the first browsers for the World Wide Web.
What IS NOT a cookie?
It is not a virus, nor a trojan, nor a worm, ni spam, ni spyware, or open pop-up windows.
What information stores a cookie?
The cookies not often store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your ID or personal information, etc, The data stored are technical, personal preferences, personalization of content, etc
The web server does not associate you as a person if not your web browser. In fact, if you surf regularly with Internet Explorer and try browsing the same web with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person because you are actually associating the browser, not the person.
What kind of cookies are there?
- Cookies techniques: Are the most basic and allow, among other things, knowing when you are navigating a human or an automated application, when browsing an anonymous user and one registered, basic tasks for running any dynamic web.
- Cookies of analysis: Collect information on the type of navigation that is doing, the sections most used, products consulted, time slot of use, language, etc
- Cookies advertising: Show advertising depending on your navigation, your country of origin, language, etc
What are the cookies own and third parties?
The cookies themselves are generated by the page you are visiting and the third party are those generated by services or external providers like Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc
What happens if I disable the cookies?
To understand the scope that may have disable cookies we show some examples:
- You may not share content of this site on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The web site will not adapt content to your personal preferences, as often happens in online stores.
- You may not access the personal area of that web, as for example My account, or My profile or My orders.
- Online stores: it Will be impossible to make purchases online, they will have to be telephone or by visiting the physical store if it is available.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographical preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The web site will not be able to perform analytical web visitors and web traffic, making it difficult for the web to be competitive.
- You may not write in the blog, you may not upload photos, post comments, assess or rate content. The web may not know whether you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
- You may not display advertising-sectored, which will reduce the advertising income of the web.
Can you delete the cookies?
Yes. Not only delete, also block, general or particular to a specific domain.
To remove the cookies a website should go to your browser settings and there you can find the associated domain in question and proceed to its elimination.
Setting cookies for the browsers polulares
Here's how to access a cookie given by the browser Chrome. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:
- Go to Settings or Preferences using the File menu, or by clicking the icon customization that appears at the top right.
- You will see different sections, click the option Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Configuration of content.
- Select All cookies and site data.
- You will see a list with all the cookies sorted by domain. To make it easier to find the cookies of a particular domain enter partially or completely the direction in the field Search cookies.
- After making this filter will appear on the screen one or more lines with the cookies of the web requested. Now you just need to select it and press the X to proceed to their elimination.
To access the configuration cookies browser Internet Explorer follow these steps (may vary depending on browser version):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy that you want.
To access the configuration cookies browser Firefox follow these steps (may vary depending on browser version):
- Go to Options or Preferences depending on your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History choose Use custom settings for history.
- You will now see the option Accept cookies, you can activate or deactivate according to your preferences.
To access the configuration of cookies browser Safari for OSX follow these steps (may vary depending on browser version):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- In this place you will see the option Block cookies to fit the type of lock that you want to perform.
To access the configuration of cookies browser Safari for iOS follow these steps (may vary depending on browser version):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the option Block cookies to fit the type of lock that you want to perform.
To access the configuration of cookies browser for devices Android follow these steps (may vary depending on browser version):
- Run the browser and press Menu, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the option Accept cookies to select or clear the check box.
To access the configuration of cookies browser for devices Windows Phone follow these steps (may vary depending on browser version):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings
- Now you can enable or disable the box Allow cookies.